A radical new approach to housing, £2.3 billion of investment in flood defences and £15 billion of road improvements were set out as the government launched the National Infrastructure Plan 2014.
One of the key proposals is for the government to master-plan, directly commission, build and even sell homes. A pilot programme on a government-owned former RAF base in Northstowe, near Cambridge, will see the Homes and Communities Agency leading development of 10,000 homes, twice as fast as conventional approaches. This is the first time in a generation that the government has owned land, led a development on it at this scale, and considered commissioning homes directly for sale. This approach will fast track the development by providing certainty making new homes available more quickly.
The government will make an upfront investment but expects that later costs will be met through the sale of land and homes. The government will also evaluate the feasibility and economic impacts of rolling out this model on a wider scale, to support and accelerate housing supply.
The National Infrastructure Plan, launched at the Institute of Civil Engineers, also sets out the progress made on previously announced major housing and regeneration schemes, including the first £100m investment to provide infrastructure and land remediation at Ebbsfleet, taking forward the government’s commitment to the first new garden city for almost 100 years, delivering up to 15,000 new homes. Additionally, it includes a commitment to a heads of terms agreement for a loan of £55m to support the extension of the London Overground to Barking Riverside, to unlock the delivery of 11,000 homes; and supporting the regeneration of Brent Cross subject to a business case, to unlock 7,500 homes. Today the government is also extending the capital settlement for affordable housing by £957m in 2018-19 and 2019-20 to ensure that 275,000 new affordable homes can be delivered over the next Parliament.
The plan also commits to £2.3 billion of capital investment to over 1400 flood defence projects in an unprecedented six-year programme of investment. As a result, over 300,000 homes will be better protected and over £30bn of economic damages prevented. Major projects that will benefit include £57 million for Oxford Flood Alleviation Scheme, £80 million for the Humber Estuary and over £17m for Tonbridge, Yalding and the surrounding communities.
In addition, the government has committed to spend £15.5 million in Somerset on flood defences over the next 6 years benefitting 7,000 properties, including £4.2 million on the Somerset Levels and Moors.
On roads, the plan outlines the biggest package of improvements undertaken in the modern age including £15 billion of investment which will triple levels of spending by the end of the decade. Over 1,300 new lane miles will be added over the next parliament on motorways and trunk roads tackling congestion and fixing some of the most notorious and longstanding problem areas on the network like the A303, A1, A47 and A27.
The plan also reports on progress on infrastructure investment and delivery since 2010. It concludes that over 2500 different projects or schemes have been delivered including 55 major roads and transport schemes, over 500 flood and coastal erosion defence improvements, 20GW of new electricity generation capacity created and 1.5 million homes provided with access to superfast broadband for the first time.
Overall £460 billion worth of public and private investment to the end of the decade and beyond is planned across the key infrastructure sectors and average annual investment is 15 per cent higher in this Parliament than it was in the previous Parliament, increasing from £41 billion between 2005 and 2010 to £47 billion between 2011 and 2014.
Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Danny Alexander said:
“This plan sets out £400bn of infrastructure investment in public and private projects that will help to create a stronger, more balanced economy and a fairer society.
Good quality infrastructure is vital for the economic well-being of this country. Every part of the country needs to be able to move people, goods, data and power, quickly and easily, and to protect itself from flooding. That is what our pioneering focus on better infrastructure seeks to achieve.
New houses support economic growth and are a crucial element of a fair society, so I’ve prioritised the investment of almost £2 billion to ensure we can build on average 55,000 new homes a year until 2020. Combined with the other measures we are announcing today, we will vastly increase supply by providing funding certainty, unlocking capacity in housing associations and kick starting stalled regeneration projects.”